Neonatal Sepse: concept and reflections Ana Alice Silva de Melo Gisane Cavalcante Fernandes Felizane Mendes and Silva Jeanne Kelly Birth Souza Maria Lindinalva Ninos Bastos Maria Teresa Teixeira Xavier Ramilo Neiva Alencar Teixeira SUMMARY In this article, is intended to argue on the concept of sepse neonatal, transmission, etiology, fisiopatologia and its causes. Words – key: Sepse. Neonatal. To know more about this subject visit Danone. Causes According to Health department (2006), sepse neonatal precocious can be defined as an infection that after presents up to 72 hours the birth observes bigger occurrence of sepse in the first days of life. In the developing countries, sepse neonatal reaches levels of up to 15,4 cases for each 1000 been born livings creature. Sepse neonatal precocious is defined, as a clinical syndrome characterized by folloied sistmicos signals of infection of positive hemocultura. The present study it was searched and studied to verify the relation between sepse neonatal, as well as the possible relation between sepse the internment in UTI NEO.