The Cathedral of Santa Maria la Real de la Almudena is the episcopal see of the Archdiocese of Madrid, (Spain). It is a temple of 102 meters in length and height 73, built during the 19th and 20th centuries in a mixture of different styles: neoclassical on the outside, inside gothic revival and neo-Romanesque in the crypt. It was consecrated by Pope Juan Paul II on his fourth trip to Spain, on June 15, 1993, being the only Cathedral in this way Spanish dedicated by a Pope. It is located in the Centre of the city. The main facade is located opposite the Royal Palace.
The facade of the Cruiser look towards the calle de Bailen, and access to the crypt is performed by the Cuesta de la Vega, at the end of the main street. Unlike most Christian temples of East-West orientation, the Cathedral has a North-South orientation, fruit of its conception as an integral part of the whole of the Royal Palace. It is built in Novelda (Alicante) stone and granite from the quarries of Colmenar Viejo, (province of Madrid). A little history the Cathedral of the Almudena de Madrid is a unique case in the Spanish historical context. Although from the 16th century, coinciding with the capital of Madrid, had made attempts to endow the city with a prestigious building that was headquarters of the bishopric, the case is that other buildings had preference (El Escorial and the unfinished Cathedral of Valladolid). Since those dates to 1879 Madrid continued without progress in the project. It was in this past year when the Reina Mercedes drives the purchase of a plot next to the Plaza of the Armeria.finalmente, the 4 of April 1883, King Alfonso XII laid the first stone of the future Cathedral de La Almudena. From this date until the definitive consecration by Pope Juan Pablo II on 15 June 1993 projects and outages have been continuously.