Current film cinema as art form, has several movements or currents along the twentieth century. The aesthetic schools constitute a set of innovative expressive movements in cinema history. In some cases, represents a break with previous styles, especially classic Hollywood cinema, and in other cases involving a development of styles predecessors. Vanguard Cinema, is a break in the narrative of conventional cinema. Along with literature and art dominated the first third of the twentieth century. The avant-garde trends challenge traditional modes of production, distribution, exhibition and consumption of art objects, and turn to issues of modernity. As for the film, three stages differ in the avant-garde movement. First, is the impressionistic film, represented by Abel Gance and Ren Clair. Second is the French surrealist cinema abstract film and German. Finally, is the independent film or documentary.This style value-Impressionism naturalism, direct style, and go beyond the melodramatic schemes. The impressionistic film was so named because the authors wanted the story represent the consciousness of the protagonists, in other words, inside. Attach importance to emotion and psychological narrative, the expression of feelings and moods of the characters. Outstanding in this matter, the following authors: Henri Ghomette, Marcel L’Herbier, Germany Dulac and Jean Epstein. One of the most representative films of the movement is The Wheel (1922) by Abel Gance. It combines surrealistic image, sensation seeking and expression of feelings. Predominate absurd images that break the temporal logic. Surrealism is presented as a means of liberation and revolution of the spirit that attacks the logical, aesthetic and moral. Likewise, attacks the pillars of bourgeois society and its values unchallenged.It is to assert the dark side of life, such as random, esoteric and dreamlike, so that reality is defined by the dream self and the imagination of the subconscious. The two reference films are surrealist film Un Chien Andalou (1929) and The Golden Age (1930), both directed by Luis Bu uel, in collaboration with the Catalan surrealist painter, Salvador Dal . German Expressionism “(1905) Group productions in contrast to impressionism in painting, in which raw subjective expression of objective representation of reality. It is the film that takes place in Weimar Germany. You can see the expression of feelings and emotion over the representation of fairness, it was used for the deformation of the things, the inner world, anxiety and hallucinations of the artist. Stresses the film The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1919).Together these movements linked to the historical vanguards of the early twentieth century there are other film events, among which include: Eye-Film (Year 20) film theory created by Soviet documentarian Dziga Vertov. The main features are the objectivity, the rejection of the script and the mise en sc ne and the use of the camera as the human eye. Cin ma Pur-(20s) Current French, which focuses on the pure elements of film art, as form, movement, visual field and rhythm. Italian Neorealism “(Year 40) Film Movement whose defining characteristics are the plot set in disadvantaged areas, shooting outdoors and nonprofessional actors. The purpose of this style is to represent the moral and economic situation of postwar Italy. American Underground-(40s) Cinema craft, not necessarily artistic self-consciousness narrative with, and opposed to classic Hollywood cinema.Cin ma v rit “(50s) appears alongside the French Nouvelle Vague. It has a tendency documentary and seeks to capture life as it is. Nouvelle Vague-(50s) French Current critical of the established, and whose highest aspiration is freedom of expression and technique. Free Cinema-(50s) British Movement which implements a realistic aestheticin fiction and documentaries. Also portrays everyday stories and is committed to the social reality of the time. Blaxploitation-(70s) American film actor whose theme is the African American community and which is recurrent use of soundtracks of famous artists of the time. New German Cinema (Neuer Deutscher Film) – (70) German industry creates its own star system, which uses long tracking shots that favors improvisation of the actors and simplifies assembly. It also has a documentary-style French naturalist.New Queer Cinema “(80) American independent film characterized by its approach to gay culture. Dogma 95 – (Year 1995) film movement whose goal is to produce simple film, without changes in post-production and an emphasis on dramatic development. Film postmodern – (80) Based on the eclectic and blend the characteristics of different styles already created.