Gothic – a period in the development of medieval art, covering almost all fields of culture, and enhanced in the Western, Central and Eastern Europe partly the XII and XV century. Gothic replaced the Romanesque gradually supplanting it. Although the term "Gothic" is most often applied to architectural structures, Gothic also covered sculpture, painting and book miniatures, etc. Gothic began in the XII century in northern France, in the XIII century, it spread to the territory of modern Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Spain, and England. In Italy the penetration of the Gothic went later with great difficulty and a strong transformation that led to the emergence of the Italian Gothic. " In end of the XIV century Europe embraced the so-called International Gothic. In Eastern Europe, Gothic entered later and stayed there a little longer – until the XVI century. To buildings and works of art, which contain the characteristic Gothic elements, but later created XV-XVI century used the term "neo-gothic." In 1980, the term "Gothic" began to be used to refer to subcultures (Goth subculture "), including musical ("Gothic") and scene ("goth scene").