European Parliament draft legislation against contagion hospital room session of Parliament (full text of the paper on Prevention of infections in patients in hospitals) related infections healthcare (IAS) are among the causes of unintentional injury more frequent and more devastating, and not financial increases in health care, nothing is changed. Studies of the European Commission can confirm that aim to reduce by 20 annually adverse effects, since the methods of infection control and perfectly mastered and put into practice quickly. Infections related to health care cause 37,000 deaths, approximately every year. It is important therefore indicate a reduction target that the Member States to achieve by 2015. It is important that citizens who have suffered damage attributable to inadequacies in health care receive adequate compensation.Elderly people with weaker immune systems are more likely to contract diseases and hospital outcome should be ensured as in the case of young person. It is necessary to improve surveillance systems to provide more complete data with regard to IAS. 8700 nurses are needed specialist nurses in infection control. The optimum ratio is one nurse for every 250 IAS hospital beds, to improve patient safety. In the new Member States, many victims do not know their rights, and therefore no compensation due to them or who should pay. The patient must know specifically who is responsible and why. Should be strengthened training of health personnel to properly use single use items and their own protection. Health workers are exposed every day to infections that could be fatal and can transmit infection to other patients and abroad.Maintain the highest possible standard of cleanliness, hygiene and, if necessary, asepsis of all materials with which patients are in contact. The virus resistance to antibiotics is a major cause of nosocomial infections and should be a dominant theme in the solid and continuous training of all personnel working in health systems. It is very important that patients are protected against MRSA. The fact of living nearby, the design of buildings, different types of medication, the wounds caused by pressure and catheter use of these places make ideal centers for the emergence and spread of MRSA and other infections. The infection usually spread through the hands of healthcare workers and others who are in contact with infected patients or surfaces located nearby. The medical and paramedical personnel may become a possible vehicle of transmission of these AIs.Member States must, therefore, to ensure the absence of disease ( “not harming”) both staff and patients. It is important to develop appropriate vaccination campaign staff. It is essential to ensure that patients receive full information about risks, safety standards and measures implemented to prevent errors and hospital infections. It is therefore important to regularly organize information campaigns using different media types. Consideration should be given healthcare applications of nanotechnologies, nanomaterials and nanostructures in the construction of hospitals.